The Jamestown Colony in Virginia
The Jamestown Colony, founded in 1607, was the first British Colony to succeed in what is now the United States.
This map shows the route the vessels took on their way to Virginia.
The Jamestown fort was triangular in shape and had a wooden palisade.
The settlement was on the James River, which fed into the Chesapeake Bay.
Significant Events in Jamestown’s History
The Saints in Massachusetts
The first colony in New England was founded by the Pilgrims, also known as Saints and Separatists, who left England to find religious freedom.
History Standard 5.3
Describe the competition among the English, French, Spanish, Dutch, and Indian nations for control of North America.
Describe the cooperation that existed between the colonists and Indians during the 1600s and 1700s (e.g., in agriculture, the fur trade, military alliances, treaties, cultural interchanges).
Examine the conflicts before the Revolutionary War (e.g., the Pequot and King Philip’s Wars in New England, the Powhatan Wars in Virginia, the French and Indian War).
Discuss the role of broken treaties and massacres and the factors that led to the Indians’ defeat, including the resistance of Indian nations to encroachments and assimilation (e.g., the story of the Trail of Tears).
Describe the internecine Indian conflicts, including the competing claims for control of lands (e.g., actions of the Iroquois, Huron, Lakota [Sioux]).
Explain the influence and achievements of significant leaders of the time (e.g., John Marshall, Andrew Jackson, Chief Tecumseh, Chief Logan, Chief John Ross, Sequoyah).
History Standard 5.4
5.4 Students understand the political, religious, social, and economic institutions that evolved in the colonial era.
Understand the influence of location and physical setting on the founding of the original 13 colonies, and identify on a map the locations of the colonies and of the American Indian nations already inhabiting these areas.
Identify the major individuals and groups responsible for the founding of the various colonies and the reasons for their founding (e.g., John Smith, Virginia; Roger Williams, Rhode Island; William Penn, Pennsylvania; Lord Baltimore, Maryland; William Bradford, Plymouth; John Winthrop, Massachusetts).
Describe the religious aspects of the earliest colonies (e.g., Puritanism in Massachusetts, Anglicanism in Virginia, Catholicism in Maryland, Quakerism in Pennsylvania).
Identify the significance and leaders of the First Great Awakening, which marked a shift in religious ideas, practices, and allegiances in the colonial period, the growth of religious toleration, and free exercise of religion.
Understand how the British colonial period created the basis for the development of political self-government and a free-market economic system and the differences between the British, Spanish, and French colonial systems.
Describe the introduction of slavery into America, the responses of slave families to their condition, the ongoing struggle between proponents and opponents of slavery, and the gradual institutionalization of slavery in the South.
Explain the early democratic ideas and practices that emerged during the colonial period, including the significance of representative assemblies and town meetings.
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