Passage of the Week
Today, most scientists agree that the first people in North America came from the continent of Asia at least 15,000 years ago. This migration happened during the last Ice Age. An Ice age is a long period when much of the Earth's surface is covered with ice. – History Alive! Bert Bower, Jim Lobdell, page 23
Read the passage above out loud. Then, play the audio and compare. Keep reading until you can read the passage fluently.
A good story has elements that make readers want to keep reading. These features include characters, setting, plot, and theme. Explore some of these ideas in the activities below.
When you summarize a story, you say or write what’s most important about the story. There are tools to help you summarize, such as taking notes about the story, identifying main ideas, and figuring out the problem and solution.
Making inferences means figuring out meaning from clues. In all writing, author’s tell you things, but give clues about other things. Learn to find the clues to help you make inferences.
Problems and Solutions
In fiction, and even in non-fiction, characters in stories have find solutions to their problems. The key to understanding a story is understanding the problem in the story and trying to anticipate how the character will solve the problem.
Cause and Effect
One thing can cause another thing to happen. The first thing is the “cause” and the second thing is the “effect.” When someone asks, “What is the cause of ….” you would think, why did it happen? When someone asks, “What is the effect ….” you would think what happened because of the event. Here are some links to practice:
Fact and Opinion
Authors write for many reasons, however, for the most part author’s purpose is to entertain, inform, persuade and explain. Although, many are including other areas, such as following directions, advise or criticism to author’s purpose, most actually fit into these these basic categories.
Sequence of Events and Summarizing
Sequencing means to put something in order. We use words such as first, next, and last to help us when we are putting things in order. We can also use numbers (1, 2, 3) to sequence things.
When an author writes about something, the reader can often tell what the author thinks by the the way he or she writes. We can figure out the author’s perspective by the way the author writes.
Hard and Soft “g”
A hard “g” is found in words like garden and and gaze
A soft “g” sounds like a “j”. You’ll find it in words like orange and geology.
How do you know when a word has a hard or soft sound? The “g” will have a soft sound when the “g” is followed by an “e”, “i”, or “y.” Check the pronunciation of the following words.
Hard and Soft “c”
A hard “c” sounds like a “k.” You’ll find it in words like cactus and cube. A soft “c” sounds like an “s.” You’ll find this sound in words like prince and fierce.
How do you know when a word has a hard or soft sound? The “c” will have a soft sound when the “c” is followed by an “e”, “i”, or “y.” Check the pronunciation of the following words.